The eyelid is the part of the eye that is responsible for protecting the eyes and keeping the surface of the eye, particularly the cornea, from drying out. The eyelids, if not properly taken care of, are at risk of getting inflamed, i.e. becoming swollen and red.
This condition of the eyelids being inflamed is called blepharitis.
Blepharitis Symptoms and Signs
Blepharitis is a common eyelid condition, where the edges of the eyelids become red, form dandruff-like scales on the lashes, and symptoms include itchy, irritated, and swollen eyelids. This inflammation is a process by which the immune system reacts to and protects us from foreign substances, infection, and injury.
The key symptoms and signs of blepharitis are redness of the eyelids, eyelid swelling, warmth, and pain. It is a condition that affects people of all ages and races. It is also a condition where the tiny glands near the base of the lashes can become blocked.
Often, blepharitis is difficult to treat and can be unsightly and uncomfortable, but it is neither contagious nor does it cause permanent damage to the eyesight.
This type is caused by a bacteria called staphylococcus aureus. This bacterium lives normally on our eyelids and skin, but can occasionally cause harm when overgrown, as it causes skin infections such as acne and blepharitis.
In this case, the skin becomes oily and scaly, and it causes a dandruff-like appearance (also known as scurf) on the eyelashes as well as a rash on the face and body.
Posterior blepharitis or Meibomian Gland Dysfunction
This type is when the meibomian glands in the eyelids don't produce enough oil to lubricate the eyelids and eyes. The oil is too thick to release from the gland, the gland has atrophied, or the gland is blocked.
Although we discussed these home remedies for blepharitis, these can also help relieve problems with eczema, dandruff, rosacea, styes, loss of eyelashes, crusty eyes in the morning, and other skin ailments.
As always, consult your doctor before beginning any treatment regimen.