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What Causes Eye Twitching?

April 16, 2018 2 min read

Simple eyelid twitching, or myokymia (the medical term for eyelid twitching), occurs due to spontaneous involuntary twitching of a bundle of nerves or muscles in and around the eye. Twitching of the eyelid is most commonly found in the lower eyelid of the eye, but it my also occur on the upper eyelid.

There are a few different forms of eyelid twitching that are more severe. One of these is blepharospasm, which is an abnormal blinking condition of the eyelid. This condition is not serious, but it can be very bothersome. It usually begins with excessive blinking and progresses into an inability to keep the eyes open. Dry eye disease may contribute to this condition.

Hemifacial spasm may also cause a sort of eyelid twitch, although much more severe than simple myokemia. It often involves not only the eyelids but the side of the face as well. It can affect daily life, interfere with speaking and eating, and may signal a neurological condition.

Common Causes of Eyelid Twitching

Many things can contribute to an eyelid twitch, but the following are the most common culprits:

  • Stress and Fatigue
  • Caffeine
  • Dry Eyes
  • Allergies
  • Alcohol
  • Eye strain

How to Treat Eye Twitching

As you can see from the causes above, treatment often involves making some simple lifestyle changes. Do everything you can to reduce stress in your life. Here are 7 Tips for Stress Management and Anxiety Relief. Make these habits in your life as quickly as possible. 

Get better sleep! Here are 13 Ways to Fall Asleep Faster and Sleep Better. We can guarantee you'll sleep better if you follow these simple tips.

Try to limit caffeine and alcohol in your life, because these are incredibly dehydrating for your body. If you'd like to have a drink or two, make sure you're drinking enough water to compensate for this.

And lastly, treat the underlying dry eye disease or ocular allergies that could be contributing to your eyelid twitch. You can find many resources for this on our blog, and we know these tips can make a big difference for your eyelid twitch. If you notice that your eyelid twitch does not resolve on its own over the course of a few weeks, make sure to visit your eye doctor for a comprehensive evaluation.